SU‐DD‐A3‐05: On‐Board SPECT: Localization Study Using Scanner‐Acquired Data
Purpose: In previous computer‐simulation studies we have shown that on‐board SPECT imaging is a promising approach to localizing biological structure. The purpose of this study is to investigate SPECT localization using scanner‐acquired data. Method and Materials: A torso phantom was filled with 0.75 Ci/ml of 99mTc. Five targets (A–E) of 6:1 activity ratio — diameters of 22 to 34mm — were positioned in phantom. SPECT data were acquired with one Trionix Triad detector. The product of activity and 1.5‐minute count time models a 4.5‐minute clinical scan. Ensembles of 10 images were reconstructed using MLEM for 3 detector trajectories: 360°, 180° left lateral, and 180° right lateral. Localization was assessed across the noisy ensembles using non‐prewhitening observers that were forced to select the most suspicious target location from a 3.6‐cm diameter search region centered on target. True centroids were derived from a 12‐hour SPECT scan that registered with CT to within l/3mm. Localization error was calculated as the distance between true and measured centroids. Significance was assessed with the Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results: Mean localization errors for targets (A–E) are A) 0.80mm, B) 1.2mm, C) 1.9mm, D) 1.2mm, and E) 0.90mm using the 180° trajectory more proximal to each target. With the 360° trajectory, mean errors are A) 1.3mm, B) 1.3mm, C) 2.1mm, D) 2.2mm, and E) 1.5mm. Differences between the above 180° and 360° trajectories are significant (p < 0.05) at A, D, and E. Mean error is typically much worse using the more distal 180° trajectory: A) 4.5mm, B) 3.1mm, C) 2.8mm, D) 4.4mm, and E) 6.9mm. Conclusion: This study, using scanner‐acquired SPECT data, demonstrates mean localizations to within 1 or 2mm with 4.5‐minute scans. The study also shows that detector trajectory can substantially affect target localization and should be optimized for specific target sites. © 2010, American Association of Physicists in Medicine. All rights reserved.
Roper, J; Wilson, J; Bowsher, J; Turkington, T; Yin, F
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