Ultraviolet-Visible Plasmonic Properties of Gallium Nanoparticles Investigated by Variable-Angle Spectroscopic and Mueller Matrix Ellipsometry
© 2014 American Chemical Society. Self-assembled, irregular ensembles of hemispherical Ga nanoparticles (NPs) were deposited on sapphire by molecular beam epitaxy. These samples, whose constituent unimodal or bimodal distribution of NP sizes was controlled by deposition time, exhibited localized surface plasmon resonances tunable from the ultraviolet to the visible (UV/vis) spectral range. The optical response of each sample was characterized using a variable-angle spectroscopic ellipsometer, and the dielectric response of the ensemble of NPs on each sample was parametrized using Lorentz oscillators. From this, a relationship was found between NP size and the deduced Lorentzian parameters (resonant frequency, damping, oscillator strength) for most unimodal and bimodal samples at most frequencies and angles of incidence. However, for samples with a bimodal size distribution, Mueller matrix ellipsometry revealed nonspecular scattering at particular frequencies and angles, suggesting a resonant interparticle coupling effect consistent with recently observed strong local field enhancements in the ultraviolet. (Graph presented).
Yang, Y; Akozbek, N; Kim, TH; Sanz, JM; Moreno, F; Losurdo, M; Brown, AS; Everitt, HO
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