Glycemic control among U.S. Hispanics/Latinos with diabetes from the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study: do structural and functional social support play a role?

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Social support is one potential source of health-related resiliency in Hispanics with diabetes. This study examined relationships of structural (i.e., social integration) and functional (i.e., perceived) social support with glycemic control (glycosylated hemoglobin; HbA1c) in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study. This study included 766 men and women representing multiple Hispanic ethnic backgrounds, aged 18-74 years, with diagnosed diabetes who completed fasting blood draw, medication review, and measures of sociodemographic factors, medical history, structural support (Cohen Social Network Index), and functional support (Interpersonal Support Evaluation List-12). After adjusting for sociodemographic covariates and medication, a one standard deviation increase in functional support was related to an 0.18% higher HbA1c (p = 0.04). A similar trend was observed for structural support; however, this effect was non-significant in adjusted models. Greater functional support was associated with poorer glycemic control in Hispanics.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fortmann, AL; Roesch, SC; Penedo, FJ; Isasi, CR; Carnethon, MR; Corsino, L; Schneiderman, N; Daviglus, ML; Teng, Y; Giachello, A; Gonzalez, F; Gallo, LC

Published Date

  • February 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 153 - 159

PubMed ID

  • 25107503

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4302022

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-3521

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10865-014-9587-0


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States