Functional transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 and transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 channels along different segments of the renal vasculature.

Published

Journal Article

AIM: Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) cation channels have been recently identified to promote endothelium-dependent relaxation of mouse mesenteric arteries. However, the role of TRPV1 and TRPV4 in the renal vasculature is largely unknown. We hypothesized that TRPV1/4 plays a role in endothelium-dependent vasodilation of renal blood vessels. METHODS: We studied the distribution of functional TRPV1/4 along different segments of the renal vasculature. Mesenteric arteries were studied as control vessels. RESULTS: The TRPV1 agonist capsaicin relaxed mouse mesenteric arteries with an EC50 of 25 nm, but large mouse renal arteries or rat descending vasa recta only at >100-fold higher concentrations. The vasodilatory effect of capsaicin in the low-nanomolar concentration range was endothelium-dependent and absent in vessels of Trpv1 -/- mice. The TRPV4 agonist GSK1016790A relaxed large conducting renal arteries, mesenteric arteries and vasa recta with EC50 of 18, 63 nm and ~10 nm respectively. These effects were endothelium-dependent and inhibited by a TRPV4 antagonist, AB159908 (10 μm). Capsaicin and GSK1016790A produced vascular dilation in isolated mouse perfused kidneys with EC50 of 23 and 3 nm respectively. The capsaicin effects were largely reduced in Trpv1 -/- kidneys, and the effects of GSK1016790A were inhibited in Trpv4 -/- kidneys. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that two TRPV channels have unique sites of vasoregulatory function in the kidney with functional TRPV1 having a narrow, discrete distribution in the resistance vasculature and TRPV4 having more universal, widespread distribution along different vascular segments. We suggest that TRPV1/4 channels are potent therapeutic targets for site-specific vasodilation in the kidney.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chen, L; Kaßmann, M; Sendeski, M; Tsvetkov, D; Marko, L; Michalick, L; Riehle, M; Liedtke, WB; Kuebler, WM; Harteneck, C; Tepel, M; Patzak, A; Gollasch, M

Published Date

  • February 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 213 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 481 - 491

PubMed ID

  • 25069877

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25069877

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1748-1716

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/apha.12355

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England