A fast radial scanned near-field 3-D SAR imaging system and the reconstruction method
© 2014 IEEE. This paper presents a near-field 3-D synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging system for which the 2-D aperture is radially scanned. Compared to the current SAR imaging systems, the proposed system has several advantages such as quick data collection, full 360 ° inspection of target, and simple image formation processing. However, in radial scan, the samples do not fall on a Cartesian grid, which prevents us from using the fast Fourier transform (FFT) to form SAR image without calling for interpolation. In this paper, the 2-D nonuniform FFT (NUFFT) is used for dealing with the problem. After 2-D NUFFT of the radial sampled data, the 3-D reflectivity image can be efficiently reconstructed by using the 3-D version of the range migration algorithm. The Stolt mapping has been implemented implicitly by another 1-D NUFFT to reduce the artifacts caused by the conventional interpolation processing. In addition, to alleviate the data sampling burden, a compressed 2-D slow-time sampling strategy is also discussed. Finally, the proposed Rad-SAR system and the imaging method are demonstrated using near-field wideband simulation data.
Li, Z; Wang, J; Wu, J; Liu, QH
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