Graduated compression stockings to treat acute leg pain associated with proximal DVT. A randomised controlled trial.

Published

Journal Article

Acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT) causes leg pain. Elastic compression stockings (ECS) have potential to relieve DVT-related leg pain by diminishing the diameter of distended veins and increasing venous blood flow. It was our objective to determine whether ECS reduce leg pain in patients with acute DVT. We performed a secondary analysis of the SOX Trial, a multicentre randomised placebo controlled trial of active ECS versus placebo ECS to prevent the post-thrombotic syndrome.The study was performed in 24 hospital centres in Canada and the U.S. and included 803 patients with a first episode of acute proximal DVT. Patients were randomised to receive active ECS (knee length, 30-40 mm Hg graduated pressure) or placebo ECS (manufactured to look identical to active ECS, but lacking therapeutic compression). Study outcome was leg pain severity assessed on an 11-point numerical pain rating scale (0, no pain; 10, worst possible pain) at baseline, 14, 30 and 60 days after randomisation. Mean age was 55 years and 60% were male. In active ECS patients (n=409), mean (SD) pain severity at baseline and at 60 days were 5.18 (3.29) and 1.39 (2.19), respectively, and in placebo ECS patients (n=394) were 5.38 (3.29) and 1.13 (1.86), respectively. There were no significant differences in pain scores between groups at any assessment point, and no evidence for subgroup interaction by age, sex or anatomical extent of DVT. Results were similar in an analysis restricted to patients who reported wearing stockings every day. In conclusion, ECS do not reduce leg pain in patients with acute proximal DVT.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kahn, SR; Shapiro, S; Ducruet, T; Wells, PS; Rodger, MA; Kovacs, MJ; Anderson, D; Tagalakis, V; Morrison, DR; Solymoss, S; Miron, M-J; Yeo, E; Smith, R; Schulman, S; Kassis, J; Kearon, C; Chagnon, I; Wong, T; Demers, C; Hanmiah, R; Kaatz, S; Selby, R; Rathbun, S; Desmarais, S; Opatrny, L; Ortel, TL; Galanaud, J-P; Ginsberg, JS

Published Date

  • December 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 112 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1137 - 1141

PubMed ID

  • 25183442

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25183442

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2567-689X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0340-6245

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1160/th14-05-0430

Language

  • eng