A simple method to cure established tumors by inflammatory killing of normal cells.


Journal Article

We describe a simple technology used to cure an established metastatic disease. Intradermal injection of plasmid DNA encoding a transcriptionally targeted cytotoxic gene, along with hsp70, not only promoted tissue-specific, inflammatory killing of normal melanocytes, but also induced a CD8(+) T-cell-dependent, antigen-specific response in mice that eradicated systemically established B16 tumors. This CD8(+) T cell response was subsequently suppressed in vivo within a few days. The data demonstrate that deliberate destruction of normal tissue can be exploited to generate immunity against a malignant disease originating from that tissue. This approach obviates the need to identify tumor antigens and does not require complex isolation of tumor cells or their derivatives. In addition, it provides a model system for studying the mechanisms underlying the etiology and control of autoimmune diseases. Finally, despite targeting normal tissue, therapy could be separated from development of overt autoimmune symptoms, suggesting that the strategy may be valuable against tumors derived from both non-essential and essential tissue types.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Daniels, GA; Sanchez-Perez, L; Diaz, RM; Kottke, T; Thompson, J; Lai, M; Gough, M; Karim, M; Bushell, A; Chong, H; Melcher, A; Harrington, K; Vile, RG

Published Date

  • September 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 1125 - 1132

PubMed ID

  • 15300260

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15300260

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1087-0156

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/nbt1007


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States