Consent (assent) for research with pediatric patients.

Journal Article (Review;Journal Article)


To discuss the unique terms and conditions relative to the assent of children and the consent of their parents for research participation, to describe the capabilities of children as they influence understanding of and willingness to participate in research, and to discuss issues related to research participation.

Data sources

Research articles, review articles, clinical experience, and government policies.


The participation of children in research is complex. Developmental limitations, the imbalance of power between children and adults, and, in some cases, their compromised health status can influence the willingness of children to participate in clinical research.

Implications for nursing practice

Health care providers and researchers must be aware of the need of children to have full disclosure and clear descriptions about research in age-appropriate language. Obtaining a child's agreement to participate in research should be carefully planned and implemented.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Broome, ME

Published Date

  • May 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 96 - 103

PubMed ID

  • 10222509

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-3449

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0749-2081

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0749-2081(99)80067-9


  • eng