Survivin as a therapeutic target in Sonic hedgehog-driven medulloblastoma.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Medulloblastoma (MB) is a highly malignant brain tumor that occurs primarily in children. Although surgery, radiation and high-dose chemotherapy have led to increased survival, many MB patients still die from their disease, and patients who survive suffer severe long-term side effects as a consequence of treatment. Thus, more effective and less toxic therapies for MB are critically important. Development of such therapies depends in part on identification of genes that are necessary for growth and survival of tumor cells. Survivin is an inhibitor of apoptosis protein that regulates cell cycle progression and resistance to apoptosis, is frequently expressed in human MB and when expressed at high levels predicts poor clinical outcome. Therefore, we hypothesized that Survivin may have a critical role in growth and survival of MB cells and that targeting it may enhance MB therapy. Here we show that Survivin is overexpressed in tumors from patched (Ptch) mutant mice, a model of Sonic hedgehog (SHH)-driven MB. Genetic deletion of survivin in Ptch mutant tumor cells significantly inhibits proliferation and causes cell cycle arrest. Treatment with small-molecule antagonists of Survivin impairs proliferation and survival of both murine and human MB cells. Finally, Survivin antagonists impede growth of MB cells in vivo. These studies highlight the importance of Survivin in SHH-driven MB, and suggest that it may represent a novel therapeutic target in patients with this disease.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Brun, SN; Markant, SL; Esparza, LA; Garcia, G; Terry, D; Huang, J-M; Pavlyukov, MS; Li, X-N; Grant, GA; Crawford, JR; Levy, ML; Conway, EM; Smith, LH; Nakano, I; Berezov, A; Greene, MI; Wang, Q; Wechsler-Reya, RJ

Published Date

  • July 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 34 / 29

Start / End Page

  • 3770 - 3779

PubMed ID

  • 25241898

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4369477

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-5594

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/onc.2014.304

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England