Hepatitis C Virus in Pregnancy and Early Childhood: Current Understanding and Knowledge Deficits.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a well known cause of chronic liver disease in adults, but the burden of HCV in pregnant women and children is underappreciated. The leading route of HCV acquisition in children is vertical transmission. This review will discuss previous studies on the impact of HCV on pregnancy, risk factors for perinatal transmission, HCV transmission rates from mother to infant, what influence the virus has on the exposed or infected infant, and those areas where additional studies are required to advance our understanding of HCV pathogenesis during pregnancy. The rapid expansion of HCV treatment regimens free of interferon and ribavirin will expand future therapeutic opportunities for pregnant women and infected infants.
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