Standards for the uniform reporting of hypertension in adults using population survey data: recommendations from the World Hypertension League Expert Committee.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Surveillance and monitoring of cardiovascular risk factors including raised blood pressure are critical to informing efforts to prevent and control cardiovascular disease. Yet, many countries lack the capacity for adequate national surveillance. Furthermore, hypertension indicators are often reported in different ways, which hampers the ability to compare and assess progress. In order to encourage standardized hypertension surveillance reporting, the World Hypertension League assembled an Expert Committee to develop a standard set of core indicators, definitions, and recommended analyses. The recommended core indicators are: (1) blood pressure distribution, (2) prevalence of hypertension, (3) awareness of the condition, (4) antihypertensive drug treatment, and (5) control of hypertension based on drug therapy. Each of these can be reported overall and by age group and sex, with crude and age-standardized changes tracked over time in order to assess the impact of instituted policies and programs for hypertension prevention and control. An expanded list of indicators can also facilitate tracking of hypertension prevention and control efforts. Widespread adoption of these indicators and analyses could benefit all those conducting and analyzing hypertension surveys and will facilitate hypertension surveillance efforts.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gee, ME; Campbell, N; Sarrafzadegan, N; Jafar, T; Khalsa, TK; Mangat, B; Poulter, N; Prabhakaran, D; Sonkodi, S; Whelton, PK; Woodward, M; Zhang, X-H

Published Date

  • November 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 773 - 781

PubMed ID

  • 25157607

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25157607

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1751-7176

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1524-6175

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/jch.12387


  • eng