Emerging viral respiratory tract infections--environmental risk factors and transmission.


Journal Article (Review)

The past decade has seen the emergence of several novel viruses that cause respiratory tract infections in human beings, including Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Saudi Arabia, an H7N9 influenza A virus in eastern China, a swine-like influenza H3N2 variant virus in the USA, and a human adenovirus 14p1 also in the USA. MERS-CoV and H7N9 viruses are still a major worldwide public health concern. The pathogenesis and mode of transmission of MERS-CoV and H7N9 influenza A virus are poorly understood, making it more difficult to implement intervention and preventive measures. A united and coordinated global response is needed to tackle emerging viruses that can cause fatal respiratory tract infections and to fill major gaps in the understanding of the epidemiology and transmission dynamics of these viruses.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gautret, P; Gray, GC; Charrel, RN; Odezulu, NG; Al-Tawfiq, JA; Zumla, A; Memish, ZA

Published Date

  • November 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1113 - 1122

PubMed ID

  • 25189350

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25189350

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1474-4457

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/S1473-3099(14)70831-X


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States