Swine workers and swine influenza virus infections.

Published

Journal Article

In 2004, 803 rural Iowans from the Agricultural Health Study were enrolled in a 2-year prospective study of zoonotic influenza transmission. Demographic and occupational exposure data from enrollment, 12-month, and 24-month follow-up encounters were examined for association with evidence of previous and incident influenza virus infections. When proportional odds modeling with multivariable adjustment was used, upon enrollment, swine-exposed participants (odds ratio [OR] 54.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] 13.0-232.6) and their nonswine-exposed spouses (OR 28.2, 95% CI 6.1-130.1) were found to have an increased odds of elevated antibody level to swine influenza (H1N1) virus compared with 79 nonexposed University of Iowa personnel. Further evidence of occupational swine influenza virus infections was observed through self-reported influenza-like illness data, comparisons of enrollment and follow-up serum samples, and the isolation of a reassortant swine influenza (H1N1) virus from an ill swine farmer. Study data suggest that swine workers and their nonswine-exposed spouses are at increased risk of zoonotic influenza virus infections.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gray, GC; McCarthy, T; Capuano, AW; Setterquist, SF; Olsen, CW; Alavanja, MC

Published Date

  • December 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 1871 - 1878

PubMed ID

  • 18258038

Pubmed Central ID

  • 18258038

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1080-6040

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3201/eid1312.061323

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States