Self-reported reproductive outcomes among male and female 1991 Gulf War era US military veterans.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Following the 1991 Gulf War, some veterans expressed concerns regarding their reproductive health. Our objective was to assess whether an association exists between deployment to the 1991 Gulf War and self-reported adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: Using a modified Dillman technique with telephone follow-up, we conducted a survey via a postal questionnaire from February 1996-August 1997 to compare selected reproductive outcomes among 10,000 US veterans deployed to the 1991 Gulf War with those of 10,000 nondeployed Gulf War era veterans. RESULTS: A total of 8742 individuals responded to the survey, a response rate of 51 percent. Using multivariable analyses, results showed no differences in number of reported pregnancies between Gulf War veterans and nondeployed veterans. Among 2233 female and 2159 male participants, there were no differences in birth weight of infants born to Gulf War veterans compared with nondeployed Gulf War era veterans. In multivariable models, male and female Gulf War veterans did not significantly differ in risk for ectopic pregnancies, stillbirths, or miscarriages when compared with nondeployed veterans of the same era. CONCLUSIONS: These results do not suggest an association between service in the 1991 Gulf War and adverse reproductive outcomes for both male and female veterans during the 4 years after the war.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wells, TS; Wang, LZ; Spooner, CN; Smith, TC; Hiliopoulos, KM; Kamens, DR; Gray, GC; Sato, PA

Published Date

  • November 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 501 - 510

PubMed ID

  • 16832610

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1092-7875

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s10995-006-0122-y


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States