Neurologic symptoms associated with raising poultry and swine among participants in the Agricultural Health Study.

Published

Journal Article

Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) is the leading cause of acute peripheral neuropathy worldwide, often associated with recent foodborne infection with Campylobacter jejuni. In this cross-sectional analysis of data from the Agricultural Health Study, we tested whether swine and poultry exposure were associated with increased prevalence of GBS-like neurologic symptoms.Using multivariate analysis, we tested the symptoms such as numbness and weakness, relevant to inflammatory peripheral neuropathies, among farmers with self-reported occupational poultry or swine exposure compared with farmers who reported no occupational animal exposure.Among swine farmers/workers, prevalence of weakness and numbness were increased (P < 0.05). Among poultry farmers/workers, prevalence of weakness and numbness were increased, but increased prevalence of weakness was not statistically significant.Occupational contact with live poultry or swine, potentially related to C. jejuni exposure, was associated with increased reporting of GBS-like symptoms.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Davis, MF; Kamel, F; Hoppin, JA; Alavanja, MCR; Freeman, LB; Gray, GC; Nelson, K; Silbergeld, E

Published Date

  • February 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 53 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 190 - 195

PubMed ID

  • 21270654

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21270654

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1536-5948

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1076-2752

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31820805d5

Language

  • eng