Decreasing rates of hospitalization for varicella among young adults.

Journal Article

Hospitalizations for varicella-zoster virus infection (n = 13,018) among active-duty Navy and Marine Corps personnel were studied retrospectively for the years 1981-1994. A large increase in hospitalization rates occurred during the 1980s, peaking in 1987 with 2025 total hospitalizations and a crude rate of 258/100,000 persons. Since that time, hospitalization rates have decreased markedly, with only 473 hospitalizations in 1994 (rate, 74/100,000 persons). In unconditional logistic regression risk factor modeling for varicella hospitalization, personnel at highest risk of hospitalization had foreign homes of record, were most junior in rank, had < or = 2 years of military service, were Filipino or black, were male, and served in the Navy. Adjusted risk of hospitalization fell > 2-fold from 1987-1988 to 1993-1994. These finding may assist military public health officials in developing strategies to prevent varicella morbidity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Herrin, VE; Gray, GC

Published Date

  • October 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 174 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 835 - 838

PubMed ID

  • 8843224

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-6613

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1899

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/infdis/174.4.835

Language

  • eng