Vitamin D levels and cognition in elderly adults in China.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between vitamin D level and cognitive impairment in individuals aged 60 and older. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, a community-based cohort study in areas in China where the density of centenarians is exceptionally high. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with mean age of 84.9 ± 12.7 (N = 2,004). MEASUREMENTS: Participants' cognitive state was evaluated using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Vitamin D was measured in plasma using an enzyme-linked immunoassay. RESULTS: The cross-sectional association between quartiles of plasma vitamin D level and cognitive impairment (MMSE score <18) was modeled using logistic regressions. Plasma vitamin D levels were lower in individuals with cognitive impairment (31.9 ± 15.3 nmol/L) than in those without (45.6 ± 19.6 nmol/L). There was a reverse association between plasma vitamin D and cognitive impairment. After adjusting for age, sex, chronic conditions, smoking and drinking habits, outdoor activities, depression, and activity of daily living limitations, the association remained significant. The multivariable-adjusted odds ratio for lowest versus highest vitamin D levels was 2.15 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.05-4.41) for cognitive impairment, and the multivariable odds ratio associated with a 1-standard deviation decrement in plasma vitamin D was 1.32 (95% CI = 1.00-1.74) for cognitive impairment. CONCLUSION: Low plasma vitamin D levels were associated with greater odds of cognitive impairment. Further prospective studies in Asian populations are needed to examine the causal direction of this association.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chei, C-L; Raman, P; Yin, Z-X; Shi, X-M; Zeng, Y; Matchar, DB

Published Date

  • November 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 62 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 2125 - 2129

PubMed ID

  • 25283584

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4241162

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-5415

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/jgs.13082


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States