Removable cranial windows for long-term imaging in awake mice.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Cranial window implants in head-fixed rodents are becoming a preparation of choice for stable optical access to large areas of the cortex over extended periods of time. Here we provide a highly detailed and reliable surgical protocol for a cranial window implantation procedure for chronic wide-field and cellular imaging in awake, head-fixed mice, which enables subsequent window removal and replacement in the weeks and months after the initial craniotomy. This protocol has facilitated awake, chronic imaging in adolescent and adult mice over several months from a large number of cortical brain regions; targeted virus and tracer injections from data obtained using prior awake functional mapping; and functionally targeted two-photon imaging across all cortical layers in awake mice using a microprism attachment to the cranial window. Collectively, these procedures extend the reach of chronic imaging of cortical function and dysfunction in behaving animals.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Goldey, GJ; Roumis, DK; Glickfeld, LL; Kerlin, AM; Reid, RC; Bonin, V; Schafer, DP; Andermann, ML

Published Date

  • November 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 2515 - 2538

PubMed ID

  • 25275789

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4442707

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1750-2799

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/nprot.2014.165


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England