Environmental management strategy: four forces analysis.

Published

Journal Article

We develop an analytical approach for more systematically analyzing environmental management problems in order to develop strategic plans. This approach can be deployed by agencies, non-profit organizations, corporations, or other organizations and institutions tasked with improving environmental quality. The analysis relies on assessing the underlying natural processes followed by articulation of the relevant societal forces causing environmental change: (1) science and technology, (2) governance, (3) markets and the economy, and (4) public behavior. The four forces analysis is then used to strategize which types of actions might be most effective at influencing environmental quality. Such strategy has been under-used and under-valued in environmental management outside of the corporate sector, and we suggest that this four forces analysis is a useful analytic to begin developing such strategy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Doyle, MW; Von Windheim, J

Published Date

  • January 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 55 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 6 - 18

PubMed ID

  • 25331643

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25331643

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1432-1009

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0364-152X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00267-014-0389-5

Language

  • eng