Recovery from an acute infection in C. elegans requires the GATA transcription factor ELT-2.

Published online

Journal Article

The mechanisms involved in the recognition of microbial pathogens and activation of the immune system have been extensively studied. However, the mechanisms involved in the recovery phase of an infection are incompletely characterized at both the cellular and physiological levels. Here, we establish a Caenorhabditis elegans-Salmonella enterica model of acute infection and antibiotic treatment for studying biological changes during the resolution phase of an infection. Using whole genome expression profiles of acutely infected animals, we found that genes that are markers of innate immunity are down-regulated upon recovery, while genes involved in xenobiotic detoxification, redox regulation, and cellular homeostasis are up-regulated. In silico analyses demonstrated that genes altered during recovery from infection were transcriptionally regulated by conserved transcription factors, including GATA/ELT-2, FOXO/DAF-16, and Nrf/SKN-1. Finally, we found that recovery from an acute bacterial infection is dependent on ELT-2 activity.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Head, B; Aballay, A

Published Date

  • October 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10 / 10

Start / End Page

  • e1004609 -

PubMed ID

  • 25340560

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25340560

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1553-7404

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1371/journal.pgen.1004609

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States