Enhancing linkage and retention in HIV care: a review of interventions for highly resourced and resource-poor settings.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Given the widespread availability of effective antiretroviral therapy, engagement of HIV-infected persons in care is a global priority. We reviewed 51 studies, published in the past decade, assessing strategies for improving linkage to and retention in HIV care. The review included studies from highly resourced settings (HRS) and resource-poor settings (RPS), specifically the USA and sub-Saharan Africa. In HRS, strength-based case management was best supported for improving linkage and retention in care; peer navigation and clinic-based health promotion were supported for improving retention. In RPS, point of care CD4 testing was best supported for improving linkage to care; decentralization, and task-shifting for improving retention. Novel interventions continue to emerge in HRS and RPS, yet many strategies have not been adequately evaluated. Further consideration should be given to analyses that identify which interventions, or combinations of interventions, are most effective, cost-effective, scalable, and aligned with patient preferences for HIV care.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Okeke, NL; Ostermann, J; Thielman, NM

Published Date

  • December 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 376 - 392

PubMed ID

  • 25323298

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5907797

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1548-3576

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11904-014-0233-9


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States