A human motor behavior model for distal pointing tasks
Models of human motor behavior are well known as an aid in the design of user interfaces (UIs). Most current models apply primarily to desktop interaction, but with the development of non-desktop UIs, new types of motor behaviors need to be modeled. Distal pointing-pointing directly at a target that is remotely situated with respect to the input device-is such a motor behavior. A model of distal pointing would be particularly useful in the comparison of different interaction techniques, because the performance of such techniques is highly dependent on user strategy, making controlled studies difficult to perform. Inspired by Fitts' law, we studied four possible models and concluded that movement time for a distal pointing task is best described as a function of the angular amplitude of movement and the angular size of the target. Contrary to Fitts' law, our model shows that the angular size has a much larger effect on movement time than the angular amplitude and that the growth in the difficulty of the tasks is quadratic, rather than linear. We estimated the model's parameters experimentally with a correlation coefficient of 96%. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Kopper, R; Bowman, DA; Silva, MG; McMahan, RP
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