Can questionnaire reports correctly classify relationship distress and partner physical abuse?

Published

Journal Article

Relationship adjustment (e.g., Dyadic Adjustment Scale; DAS) and physical aggression (e.g., Conflict Tactics Scale) measures are used both as screening tools and as the sole criterion for classification. This study created face valid diagnostic interviews for relationship distress and physical abuse, through which one could compare preliminarily the classification properties of questionnaire reports. The DAS (and a global measure of relationship satisfaction) had modest agreement with a structured diagnostic interview; both questionnaires tended to overdiagnose distress compared with the interview. Results for partner abuse reiterated the need to go beyond occurrence of aggression as the sole diagnostic criterion, because men's aggression was more likely than women's to rise to the level of "abuse" when diagnostic criteria (injury or substantial fear) were applied.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Heyman, RE; Feldbau-Kohn, SR; Ehrensaft, MK; Langhinrichsen-Rohling, J; O'Leary, KD

Published Date

  • June 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 334 - 346

PubMed ID

  • 11458637

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11458637

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0893-3200

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037//0893-3200.15.2.334

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States