Associations between self-rated health and personality.
OBJECTIVE:The goal of our study was to examine how Big Five personality factors predict variability in self-rated health in a sample of older African Americans from the Baltimore Study of Black Aging. METHODS:Personality was measured by the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised, and self-rated health was assessed by the Health Problems Checklist. PARTICIPANTS:The study sample had 202 women and 87 men. Ages ranged from 49 to 90 years (M = 67.2 years, SD = 8.55), and average years of formal education was 10.8 (SD = 3.3). RESULTS:Multiple linear regressions showed that neuroticism and extraversion were significant regression predictors of self-rated health, after controlling for demographic factors. CONCLUSIONS:These findings suggest individual personality traits may influence health ratings, behaviors, and decision-making among older African Americans.
Aiken-Morgan, AT; Bichsel, J; Savla, J; Edwards, CL; Whitfield, KE
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