B cells in chronic graft-versus-host disease.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) continues to be a common complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Unlike acute graft-versus-host disease, which is mediated almost entirely by donor T cells, the immune pathology of cGVHD is more complex and donor B cells have also been found to play an important role. Recent studies from several laboratories have enhanced our understanding of how donor B cells contribute to this clinical syndrome and this has led to new therapeutic opportunities. Here, Dr Sarantopoulos reviews some of the important mechanisms responsible for persistent B cell activation and loss of B cell tolerance in patients with cGVHD. Dr Blazar describes recent studies in preclinical models that have identified novel B cell-directed agents that may be effective for prevention or treatment of cGVHD. Some B cell-directed therapies have already been tested in patients with cGVHD and Dr Cutler reviews the results of these studies documenting the potential efficacy of this approach. Supported by mechanistic studies in patients and preclinical models, new B cell-directed therapies for cGVHD will now be evaluated in clinical trials.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sarantopoulos, S; Blazar, BR; Cutler, C; Ritz, J

Published Date

  • January 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 16 - 23

PubMed ID

  • 25452031

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25452031

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1523-6536

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1083-8791

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.bbmt.2014.10.029

Language

  • eng