Carotid and vertebral artery sacrifice with a combination of Onyx and coils: technical note and case series.
INTRODUCTION: Permanent vessel sacrifice has become a routine for the management of aneurysms, pseudoaneurysms, tumors, and carotid blowouts. The purpose of this study is to describe a new technique for carotid and vertebral artery sacrifice using a combination of Onyx and coils and to assess its feasibility, safety, and efficacy. METHODS: The technique consists of deploying a few coils in the parent vessel under proximal flow arrest followed by Onyx embolization directly into the coil mass. A total of 41 patients underwent carotid/vertebral artery sacrifice using this technique in our institution. RESULTS: A total of 26 internal carotid arteries and 15 vertebral arteries were treated. In all but one patient, a balloon test occlusion was performed prior to permanent arterial sacrifice. The mean number of coils used was 6.8 (range, 2-19). The total volume of Onyx used was 1.3 ml on average (range, 0.2-5.2 ml). All 41 (100%) parent arteries were successfully occluded. No distal migration of Onyx or coils was noted. Periprocedural complications occurred in 14.6% (6/41) of cases causing permanent morbidity in 7.3% (3/41). No patient developed a recurrence during the follow-up period (mean, 14 months). CONCLUSION: Parent vessel sacrifice with a combination of Onyx and coils appears to be feasible, safe, and effective and may be an alternative to the traditional deconstruction technique with coils alone. The risk of thromboembolism exists with this technique, but there were no instances of Onyx migration.
Chalouhi, N; Starke, RM; Tjoumakaris, SI; Jabbour, PM; Gonzalez, LF; Hasan, D; Rosenwasser, RH; Dumont, AS
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