Stereotactic radiosurgery with neoadjuvant embolization of larger arteriovenous malformations: an institutional experience.
This study investigates the safety and efficacy of a multimodality approach combining staged endovascular embolizations with subsequent SRS for the management of larger AVMs.
Ninety-five patients with larger AVMs were treated with staged endovascular embolization followed by SRS between 1996 and 2011.
The median volume of AVM in this series was 28 cm(3) and 47 patients (48%) were Spetzler-Martin grade IV or V. Twenty-seven patients initially presented with hemorrhage. Sixty-one patients underwent multiple embolizations while a single SRS session was performed in 64 patients. The median follow-up after SRS session was 32 months (range 9-136 months). Overall procedural complications occurred in 14 patients. There were 13 minor neurologic complications and 1 major complication (due to embolization) while four patients had posttreatment hemorrhage. Thirty-eight patients (40%) were cured radiographically. The postradiosurgery actuarial rate of obliteration was 45% at 5 years, 56% at 7 years, and 63% at 10 years. In multivariate analysis, larger AVM size, deep venous drainage, and the increasing number of embolization/SRS sessions were negative predictors of obliteration. The number of embolizations correlated positively with the number of stereotactic radiosurgeries (P < 0.005).
Multimodality endovascular and radiosurgical approach is an efficacious treatment strategy for large AVM.
Dalyai, R; Theofanis, T; Starke, RM; Chalouhi, N; Ghobrial, G; Jabbour, P; Dumont, AS; Fernando Gonzalez, L; Gordon, DS; Rosenwasser, RH; Tjoumakaris, SI
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