Inflammation markers and their trajectories after deep vein thrombosis in relation to risk of post-thrombotic syndrome.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Multicenter Study)

BACKGROUND: Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a frequent chronic complication of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). OBJECTIVE: In the BioSOX study, we investigated whether inflammation markers predict the risk of PTS after DVT. METHODS: We measured C-reactive protein (CRP), ICAM-1, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-10, at baseline, and 1 month and 6 months after a first proximal DVT, among 803 participants in the SOX trial. Participants were prospectively followed for 24 months for development of PTS. RESULTS: Median CRP levels at 1 month, ICAM-1 levels at baseline, 1 month and 6 months, IL-6 levels at 1 month and 6 months and IL-10 levels at 6 months were higher in patients who developed PTS than in those who did not. Multivariable regression with the median as a cutoff showed risk ratios (RRs) for PTS of 1.23 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05-1.45) and 1.25 (95% CI 1.05-1.48) for ICAM-1 at 1 month and 6 months, respectively, and 1.27 (95% CI 1.07-1.51) for IL-10 at 6 months. Quartile-based analysis demonstrated a dose-response association between ICAM-1 and PTS. ICAM-1 and IL-10 were also associated with PTS severity. Analysis of biomarker trajectories after DVT demonstrated an association between the highest-trajectory group of ICAM-1 and PTS. CONCLUSIONS: In this prospective study, ICAM-1 over time was most consistently associated with the risk of PTS. Further study is required to confirm these findings and assess their potential clinical relevance.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rabinovich, A; Cohen, JM; Cushman, M; Wells, PS; Rodger, MA; Kovacs, MJ; Anderson, DR; Tagalakis, V; Lazo-Langner, A; Solymoss, S; Miron, MJ; Yeo, E; Smith, R; Schulman, S; Kassis, J; Kearon, C; Chagnon, I; Wong, T; Demers, C; Hanmiah, R; Kaatz, S; Selby, R; Rathbun, S; Desmarais, S; Opatrny, L; Ortel, TL; Ginsberg, JS; Kahn, SR

Published Date

  • March 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 398 - 408

PubMed ID

  • 25495610

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1538-7836

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/jth.12814


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England