Identification of an allosteric small-molecule inhibitor selective for the inducible form of heat shock protein 70.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
Inducible Hsp70 (Hsp70i) is overexpressed in a wide spectrum of human tumors, and its expression correlates with metastasis, poor outcomes, and resistance to chemotherapy in patients. Identification of small-molecule inhibitors selective for Hsp70i could provide new therapeutic tools for cancer treatment. In this work, we used fluorescence-linked enzyme chemoproteomic strategy (FLECS) to identify HS-72, an allosteric inhibitor selective for Hsp70i. HS-72 displays the hallmarks of Hsp70 inhibition in cells, promoting substrate protein degradation and growth inhibition. Importantly, HS-72 is selective for Hsp70i over the closely related constitutively active Hsc70. Studies with purified protein show HS-72 acts as an allosteric inhibitor, reducing ATP affinity. In vivo HS-72 is well-tolerated, showing bioavailability and efficacy, inhibiting tumor growth and promoting survival in a HER2+ model of breast cancer. The HS-72 scaffold is amenable to resynthesis and iteration, suggesting an ideal starting point for a new generation of anticancer therapeutics targeting Hsp70i.
- Howe, MK; Bodoor, K; Carlson, DA; Hughes, PF; Alwarawrah, Y; Loiselle, DR; Jaeger, AM; Darr, DB; Jordan, JL; Hunter, LM; Molzberger, ET; Gobillot, TA; Thiele, DJ; Brodsky, JL; Spector, NL; Haystead, TAJ
- December 18, 2014
Volume / Issue
- 21 / 12
Start / End Page
- 1648 - 1659
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States