Glutathione activates virulence gene expression of an intracellular pathogen.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Intracellular pathogens are responsible for much of the world-wide morbidity and mortality due to infectious diseases. To colonize their hosts successfully, pathogens must sense their environment and regulate virulence gene expression appropriately. Accordingly, on entry into mammalian cells, the facultative intracellular bacterial pathogen Listeria monocytogenes remodels its transcriptional program by activating the master virulence regulator PrfA. Here we show that bacterial and host-derived glutathione are required to activate PrfA. In this study a genetic selection led to the identification of a bacterial mutant in glutathione synthase that exhibited reduced virulence gene expression and was attenuated 150-fold in mice. Genome sequencing of suppressor mutants that arose spontaneously in vivo revealed a single nucleotide change in prfA that locks the protein in the active conformation (PrfA*) and completely bypassed the requirement for glutathione during infection. Biochemical and genetic studies support a model in which glutathione-dependent PrfA activation is mediated by allosteric binding of glutathione to PrfA. Whereas glutathione and other low-molecular-weight thiols have important roles in redox homeostasis in all forms of life, here we demonstrate that glutathione represents a critical signalling molecule that activates the virulence of an intracellular pathogen.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Reniere, ML; Whiteley, AT; Hamilton, KL; John, SM; Lauer, P; Brennan, RG; Portnoy, DA

Published Date

  • January 8, 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 517 / 7533

Start / End Page

  • 170 - 173

PubMed ID

  • 25567281

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4305340

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-4687

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/nature14029


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England