Trauma exposure and cigarette smoking: the impact of negative affect and affect-regulatory smoking motives.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Cognitive-affective mechanisms related to the maintenance of smoking among trauma-exposed individuals are largely unknown. Cross-sectional data from trauma-exposed treatment-seeking smokers (n = 283) were utilized to test a series of multiple mediator models of trauma exposure and smoking, as mediated by the sequential effects of negative affect and affect-modulation smoking motives. The sequential effects of both mediators indirectly predicted the effect of greater trauma exposure types on nicotine dependence, a biochemical index of smoking, perceived barriers to smoking cessation, and greater withdrawal-related problems during past quit attempts. Negative affect and affect-modulation motives for smoking may contribute to the trauma-smoking association.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Farris, SG; Zvolensky, MJ; Beckham, JC; Vujanovic, AA; Schmidt, NB

Published Date

  • 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 33 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 354 - 365

PubMed ID

  • 25299617

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4275370

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1545-0848

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/10550887.2014.969622


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England