Social support, stress, and suicidal ideation in professional firefighters.
OBJECTIVE: To hypothesize that social support may protect against the effect of firefighter stress on suicidal ideation. METHODS: Overall, 334 firefighters completed measures of occupational stress, social support, and suicidal ideation. RESULTS: At high levels of social support, no association was observed between occupational stress and suicidal ideation (φ = -.06, ns); however, when social support was low, occupational stress showed a positive association with suicidal ideation (φ = .16, p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The association between occupational stress and suicidal ideation may be reduced by social support. Further research on this topic is warranted.
Carpenter, GSJ; Carpenter, TP; Kimbrel, NA; Flynn, EJ; Pennington, ML; Cammarata, C; Zimering, RT; Kamholz, BW; Gulliver, SB
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