T-lymphocyte alloresponses of Campath-1H-treated kidney transplant patients.
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplant patients given Campath-1H (Alemtuzumab) immunodepletion therapy and long-term rapamycin monotherapy have excellent graft survival and function at three years. As an initial step in understanding the characteristics of repopulated T lymphocytes in these patients, we performed several assays to assess alloreactivity. METHODS: We measured T-cell responses using CFSE-labeled recipient lymphocytes in a direct one-way MLR, and also analyzed the kinetics of expression of IFN-gamma. We examined the T-cell responses of Campath-treated transplant patients on monotherapy versus those treated with anti-CD25 (Basiliximab) induction therapy and maintenance immunosuppression consisting of cyclosporine A, mycophenolate mofetil, and steroids. RESULTS: On average, proliferative responses to donor antigen were equal between Campath and control groups. However, the Campath group displayed a greater response to third party compared to donor antigen (CD3 P = 0.04, CD4 P = 0.07, CD8 P < 0.01), whereas the control group did not display a greater response to third party (CD3 P = 0.69, CD4 P = 0.72, CD8 P = 0.60). Interestingly, more Campath patients (4 of 15) than control patients (0 of 8) displayed donor specific unresponsiveness as gauged by IFN-gamma expression and T-cell proliferation (P = 0.15). CONCLUSIONS: These studies suggest that Campath-1H in conjunction with rapamycin monotherapy retains intact immune responses to third party alloantigen, yet may promote hyporesponsiveness to donor antigen.
Bloom, DD; Hu, H; Fechner, JH; Knechtle, SJ
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