Strategies for tolerance induction in nonhuman primates.
Organ transplants in nonhuman primates provide a model which closely simulates the biological conditions of human organ transplantation, due to similarities between human and primate MHC (class I and II) structure and expression. Several strategies for tolerance induction have been developed in nonhuman primate models. These include targeting the T cell receptor or costimulatory molecules and the generation of mixed chimerism. Tolerance can be reliably induced in several such models, although none with 100% success.
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