Immunosuppressive effects of an HLA class I-derived peptide in a rat cardiac allograft model.

Published

Journal Article

B7.75-84, a 10-amino-acid peptide derived from the HLA-B7 molecule, prolongs rat heterotopic cardiac allograft survival time (GST) when used with cyclosporine in the Lewis-to-ACI strain combination. We evaluated the ability of B7.75-84 to prolong GST in other strain combinations without cyclosporine and studied the effect of B7.75-84 on the immune response in the Wistar-Furth (WF)-to-ACI strain combination. GST was markedly prolonged in most low-responder (ACI) recipients but only slightly prolonged in the high-responder (Lewis) recipient. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and helper T lymphocyte (HTL) limiting dilution assays (LDA) were performed 10 days after cardiac allografts from WF donors were placed in ACI recipients treated with B7.75-84. HTL-LDA assays at 10 days posttransplant showed a slight decrease in HTL precursor frequency and a decrease in their IL-2 production in B7.75-84 treated recipients with prolonged GST in response to donor antigen as well as third-party (Lewis) antigen. CTL-LDA assays at day 10 showed no difference in CTL precursor frequency among treated recipients but did show a significant decrease in CTL killing activity against donor cells in recipients with prolonged GST. No significant difference in CTL killing activity was seen against third- party cells. Antibody analysis was performed at day 8 in treated recipients. Serum from B7.75-84-treated recipients with prolonged graft survival generally showed no detectable IgG antibody response against donor MHC class I antigen. All B7.75-84 treated recipients showed a strong IgM response against donor antigen regardless of allograft outcome. Our results suggest that the immunosuppressive effect of B7.75-84 in rats is greater using a low-responder RT1 haplotype. Furthermore, B7.75-84 induces a nonspecific decrease in HTL function while producing a donor-specific decrease in CTL function and a diminished antidonor MHC class I IgG response.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hanaway, MJ; Geissler, EK; Wang, J; Fechner, JH; Buelow, R; Knechtle, SJ

Published Date

  • April 27, 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 61 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 1222 - 1228

PubMed ID

  • 8610422

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8610422

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0041-1337

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/00007890-199604270-00018

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States