Rifampin use and safety in hospitalized infants.

Journal Article

This study aims to examine the use and safety of rifampin in the hospitalized infants.Observational study of clinical and laboratory adverse events among infants exposed to rifampin from 348 neonatal intensive care units managed by the Pediatrix Medical Group between 1997 and 2012.Overall, 2,500 infants received 4,279 courses of rifampin; mean gestational age was 27 weeks (5th, 95th percentile; 23, 36) and mean birth weight was 1,125 g (515; 2,830). Thrombocytopenia (121/1,000 infant days) and conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (25/1,000 infant days) were the most common laboratory adverse events. The most common clinical adverse events were medical necrotizing enterocolitis (64/2,500 infants, 3%) and seizure (60/2,500 infants, 2%).The overall incidence of adverse events among infants receiving rifampin appears low; however, additional studies to further evaluate safety and dosing of rifampin in this population are needed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Arnold, CJ; Ericson, J; Kohman, J; Corey, KL; Oh, M; Onabanjo, J; Hornik, CP; Clark, RH; Benjamin, DK; Smith, PB; Chu, VH; Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act–Pediatric Trials Network Administrative Core Committee,

Published Date

  • May 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 565 - 570

PubMed ID

  • 25594217

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-8785

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0735-1631

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1055/s-0034-1543955


  • eng