Children do not exhibit ambiguity aversion despite intact familiarity bias.


Journal Article

The phenomenon of ambiguity aversion, in which risky gambles with known probabilities are preferred over ambiguous gambles with unknown probabilities, has been thoroughly documented in adults but never measured in children. Here, we use two distinct tasks to investigate ambiguity preferences of children (8- to 9-year-olds) and a comparison group of adults (19- to 27-year-olds). Across three separate measures, we found evidence for significant ambiguity aversion in adults but not in children and for greater ambiguity aversion in adults compared to children. As ambiguity aversion in adults has been theorized to result from a preference to bet on the known and avoid the unfamiliar, we separately measured familiarity bias and found that children, like adults, are biased towards the familiar. Our findings indicate that ambiguity aversion emerges across the course of development between childhood and adolescence, while a familiarity bias is already present in childhood.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Li, R; Brannon, EM; Huettel, SA

Published Date

  • January 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 5 /

Start / End Page

  • 1519 -

PubMed ID

  • 25601848

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25601848

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1664-1078

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1664-1078

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01519


  • eng