Current status of clinical trials in head and neck cancer 2014.
INTRODUCTION: The last few years have seen significant increase in the number of available clinical trials in head and neck cancer. It has been difficult to stay abreast of these efforts because multiple cooperative groups and institutions are engaged in their recruitment. This review presents the state of the art of available clinical trials organized around major research themes. DATA SOURCES: Published literature, published cooperative group monographs, expert review. REVIEW METHODS: Initial themes in head and neck cancer clinical trial development were first identified along with examples. Opinions from an international panel of multidisciplinary experts were then solicited. RESULTS/DISCUSSION: Current major themes of head and neck clinical trials centered on 5 major themes: (1) recognition of human papillomavirus oropharynx cancer and optimal treatment strategies, (2) defining the role of transoral surgery in head and neck cancer treatment, (3) improving postoperative adjuvant treatment, (4) investigation of rare malignancies, and (5) the importance of biomarker-driven, innovative, and targeted therapy investigation. CONCLUSIONS: A number of exciting clinical trials are currently in development or accrual with the potential for tremendous impact and improvement of the treatment of head and neck cancer. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Awareness by practicing otolaryngologists and trainees of these current themes will be essential for study accrual, success, and improvement in the care of head and neck cancer.
Liu, JC; Ridge, JA; Brizel, DM; O'Sullivan, B; Cohen, EW; Mann, BS; Adelstein, DJ
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