Analysis of human innate immune responses to PRINT fabricated nanoparticles with cross validation using a humanized mouse model.


Journal Article

Ideal nanoparticle (NP)-based drug and vaccine delivery vectors should be free of inherent cytotoxic or immunostimulatory properties. Therefore, determining baseline immune responses to nanomaterials is of utmost importance when designing human therapeutics. We characterized the response of human immune cells to hydrogel NPs fabricated using Particle Replication in Non-wetting Templates (PRINT) technology. We found preferential NP uptake by primary CD14(+) monocytes, which was significantly reduced upon PEGylation of the NP surface. Multiplex cytokine analysis of NP treated primary human peripheral blood mononuclear cells suggests that PRINT based hydrogel NPs do not evoke significant inflammatory responses nor induce cytotoxicity or complement activation. We furthered these studies using an in vivo humanized mouse model and similarly found preferential NP uptake by human CD14(+) monocytes without systemic inflammatory cytokine responses. These studies suggest that PRINT hydrogel particles form a desirable platform for vaccine and drug delivery as they neither induce inflammation nor toxicity. From the clinical editor: The authors here fabricated hydrogel nanorods using the PRINT (Particle Replication In Nonwetting Templates) fabrication process. They tested the interaction of human immune cells with these particles and found no immunoreactivity. This finding would suggest that monodisperse PRINT particles of identical shape and size could serve a variety of clinical applications.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Robbins, GR; Roberts, RA; Guo, H; Reuter, K; Shen, T; Sempowski, GD; McKinnon, KP; Su, L; DeSimone, JM; Ting, JP-Y

Published Date

  • April 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 589 - 599

PubMed ID

  • 25596079

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25596079

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1549-9642

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.nano.2014.11.010


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States