Effects of religious vs. standard cognitive behavioral therapy on therapeutic alliance: A randomized clinical trial.
Treatments that integrate religious clients' beliefs into therapy may enhance the therapeutic alliance (TA) in religious clients.Compare the effects of religiously integrated cognitive behavioral therapy (RCBT) and standard CBT (SCBT) on TA in adults with major depression and chronic medical illness.Multi-site randomized controlled trial in 132 participants, of whom 108 (SCBT = 53, RCBT = 55) completed the Revised Helping Alliance Questionnaire (HAQ-II) at 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Trajectory of change in scores over time was compared between groups.HAQ-II score at 4 weeks predicted a decline in depressive symptoms over time independent of treatment group (B = -0.06, SE = 0.02, p = 0.002, n = 108). There was a marginally significant difference in HAQ-II scores at 4 weeks that favored RCBT (p = 0.076); however, the mixed effects model indicated a significant group by time interaction that favored the SCBT group (B = 1.84, SE = 0.90, degrees of freedom = 181, t = 2.04, p = 0.043, d = 0.30).While RCBT produces a marginally greater improvement in TA initially compared with SCBT, SCBT soon catches up.
Koenig, HG; Pearce, M; Nelson, B; Shaw, S; Robins, C; Daher, N; Cohen, HJ; King, MB
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