COR-ART: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled dose-ranging study to evaluate single oral doses of vanoxerine for conversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation or flutter to normal sinus rhythm.
BACKGROUND: Restoration of sinus rhythm (SR) in patients with atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter (AF/AFL) is limited principally to direct current cardioversion. The multi-ion channel blocker vanoxerine may prove an effective alternative. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess vanoxerine, a 1,4-dialkylpiperazine derivative, for acute conversion of recent-onset, symptomatic AF and AFL. METHODS: One hundred four subjects with symptomatic AF/AFL for <7 days were randomized sequentially to single oral doses of vanoxerine 200, 300, and 400 mg or placebo. Holter monitors were examined for conversion to SR and proarrhythmia through ≥24 hours. RESULTS: Conversion to SR was dose related: 18.2%, 44.0%, and 52.0% within 4 hours, and 59.1%, 64.0%, and 84.0% within 24 hours, for the 200-, 300-, and 400-mg groups, respectively. This was significantly higher than placebo for the 300- and 400-mg groups within 4 hours (12.5% for placebo; P = .0138 and P = .0028, respectively) and for all doses within 24 hours (31.3% for placebo; P = .0421, P = .0138, P = .0001 for 200-, 300-, and 400-mg vanoxerine groups, respectively). Although vanoxerine caused significant dose-dependent QTcF (QT correction by Fridericia) prolongation, monomorphic or polymorphic ventricular tachycardia did not occur. Adverse events were mild and self-limited, with only the highest dose having a greater frequency than placebo. CONCLUSION: Oral vanoxerine converted AF/AFL to SR at a high rate, was well tolerated, and caused no ventricular proarrhythmia.
Dittrich, HC; Feld, GK; Bahnson, TD; Camm, AJ; Golitsyn, S; Katz, A; Koontz, JI; Kowey, PR; Waldo, AL; Brown, AM
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