Selective cardiac surveillance in patients with gynecologic cancer undergoing treatment with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD).
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to examine the safety and cost savings of selective cardiac surveillance (CS) during treatment with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD). METHODS: A retrospective, dual institution study of women receiving PLD for the treatment of a gynecologic malignancy was performed. The study period was 2002-2014. At both institutions, a selective strategy for CS was implemented in which only high-risk women with a cardiac history or with symptoms suggestive of cardiac toxicity during PLD treatment underwent a cardiac evaluation. Patient demographics, clinical and treatment history were evaluated. Cost analyses were performed utilizing professional/technical fee rates for echocardiogram and multi-gated acquisition scan for each state. RESULTS: PLD was administered in 184 women. The mean patient age was 62.7years, and 79% were treated for recurrent ovarian or peritoneal carcinoma. The median cumulative administered dose of PLD was 300mg/m(2); 24 received >550mg/m(2). The median follow-up time was 20months. Of the 184 patients, the majority (n=157, 85.3%) did not undergo either an initial cardiac evaluation or surveillance during or post-PLD treatment. Fifty-three patients considered high risk for anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity underwent CS. Only three patients (1.6%) in the entire cohort developed CHF that was possibly related to PLD treatment; all had significant pre-existing cardiac risk factors. Selective instead of routine use of CS in the study population resulted in a cost savings of $182,552.28. CONCLUSION: Utilizing cardiac surveillance in select women undergoing PLD treatment for gynecologic malignancies resulted in significant health care cost savings without adversely impacting clinical outcomes.
Kushnir, CL; Angarita, AM; Havrilesky, LJ; Thompson, S; Spahlinger, D; Sinno, AK; Tanner, EJ; Secord, AA; Roche, KL; Stone, RL; Fader, AN
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