Association between anatomical resolution and functional outcomes in the mivi-trust studies using ocriplasmin to treat symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion/vitreomacular traction, including when associated with macular hole.
PURPOSE: To evaluate visual function in patients with symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion (VMA)/vitreomacular traction including when associated with macular hole after ocriplasmin treatment, and the association between resolution of the underlying condition and improvement in visual function. METHODS: Six hundred and fifty-two patients from 2 Phase 3 trials received a single intravitreal injection of ocriplasmin 125 μg (n = 464) or placebo (n = 188). Mean and categorical changes from baseline in best-corrected visual acuity and 25-item Visual Function Questionnaire scores were used to evaluate visual function. Subgroups with VMA resolution and full-thickness macular hole closure were compared. RESULTS: Overall, 42% of patients who achieved VMA resolution at Day 28 had a ≥2-line improvement in best-corrected visual acuity at Month 6, and 20% had a ≥3-line improvement. Likewise, 69% of patients with nonsurgical full-thickness macular hole closure at Day 28 had a ≥2-line improvement at Month 6, and 48% had a ≥3-line best-corrected visual acuity improvement. Mean improvements in 25-item Visual Function Questionnaire scores were associated with achieving VMA resolution and nonsurgical full-thickness macular hole closure. CONCLUSION: In patients with symptomatic VMA/vitreomacular traction, VMA resolution and nonsurgical full-thickness macular hole closure were each associated with improvements in visual function. Resolving the underlying anatomical condition in symptomatic VMA/vitreomacular traction will increase the probability of achieving a clinically meaningful improvement in visual function.
Gandorfer, A; Benz, MS; Haller, JA; Stalmans, P; Pakola, SJ; Girach, A; Kampik, A; Toth, CA; Jaffe, GJ; MIVI-TRUST Study Group,
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