Acinar Cell Production of Leukotriene B4 Contributes to Development of Neurogenic Pancreatitis in Mice.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND & AIMS: In the pancreas, activation of primary sensory nerves through the transient receptor potential ion channel TRPV1 contributes to the early stages of development of pancreatitis. Little is known about the mechanism by which this occurs. We investigated whether leukotriene B4 (LTB4) is an endogenous agonist of TRPV1 and mediates pancreatitis. METHODS: Acute inflammation was induced in the pancreata of Trpv1-/- mice and their wild-type littermates by retrograde infusion of the main pancreatic duct with 2% sodium taurocholate (NaT) or intraperitoneal injections of caerulein. Mice were also given injections of resiniferatoxin (an excitotoxin that desensitizes TRPV1) or MK886 (a drug that inhibits LTB4 biosynthesis). Pancreatic tissues and plasma were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Retrograde perfusion of the main pancreatic ducts of wild-type mice with NaT caused severe acute pancreatitis; severity was reduced by co-administration of resiniferatoxin. Trpv1-/- mice developed a less severe pancreatitis following NaT administration than controls. Administration of MK886 before perfusion with NaT also significantly reduced the severity of pancreatitis in wild-type mice. Pancreatic tissues from mice given NaT had a marked increase in the level of 5-lipoxygenase immunoreactivity specifically in acinar cells. Bile acid and caerulein induced secretion of LTB4 by cultured pancreatic acinar cells; MK886 inhibited this process. CONCLUSIONS: Administration of caerulein or intraductal bile acids in mice causes production of LTB4 by pancreatic acinar cells. This activates TRPV1 on primary sensory nerves to induce acute pancreatitis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Shahid, RA; Vigna, SR; Layne, AC; Romac, JM-J; Liddle, RA

Published Date

  • January 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 1 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 75 - 86

PubMed ID

  • 25729765

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25729765

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2352-345X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jcmgh.2014.11.002

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States