Strategic parenting, birth order, and school performance.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Fueled by new evidence, there has been renewed interest about the effects of birth order on human capital accumulation. The underlying causal mechanisms for such effects remain unsettled. We consider a model in which parents impose more stringent disciplinary environments in response to their earlier-born children's poor performance in school in order to deter such outcomes for their later-born offspring. We provide robust empirical evidence that school performance of children in the National Longitudinal Study Children (NLSY-C) declines with birth order as does the stringency of their parents' disciplinary restrictions. When asked how they will respond if a child brought home bad grades, parents state that they would be less likely to punish their later-born children. Taken together, these patterns are consistent with a reputation model of strategic parenting.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hotz, VJ; Pantano, J

Published Date

  • October 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 28 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 911 - 936

PubMed ID

  • 26366045

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4565797

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1432-1475

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0933-1433

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00148-015-0542-3


  • eng