The efficacy of continuous cryotherapy on the postoperative shoulder: a prospective, randomized investigation.


Journal Article

This prospective, randomized investigation evaluated the efficacy of cryotherapy on subjective responses after both open and arthroscopic procedures on the shoulder. Seventy patients were randomly assigned to one of two study groups: (1) continuous cryotherapy group and (2) age-matched control group. Visual analog scales were used to assess subjective responses on postoperative days 1, 7, 14, and 21. On day 1, patients receiving cryotherapy reported significantly less pain during sleep and significantly more comfort in bed and rated their sleep as more restful than the control subjects. During days 7 through 21, cryotherapy subjects reported a significant reduction in frequency and intensity of pain, as well as less pain during shoulder rehabilitation, than the control subjects. These results indicate that cryotherapy is an effective method for postoperative pain control because it decreases the severity and frequency of pain and allows a return to normal sleep patterns while increasing overall postoperative comfort and satisfaction.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Singh, H; Osbahr, DC; Holovacs, TF; Cawley, PW; Speer, KP

Published Date

  • November 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 522 - 525

PubMed ID

  • 11743529

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11743529

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1058-2746

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1067/mse.2001.118415


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States