Anatomy, pathophysiology, and biomechanics of shoulder instability.

Journal Article (Review)

Instability in the athlete presents a unique challenge to the orthopaedic surgeon. A spectrum of both static and dynamic pathophysiology, as well as gross and microscopic histopathology, contribute to this complex clinical continuum. Biomechanical studies of the shoulder and ligament cutting studies in recent years have generated a more precise understanding of the individual contributions of the various ligaments and capsular regions to shoulder instability. An understanding of the underlying pathology and accurate assessment of degree and direction of the instability by clinical examination and history are essential to developing appropriate treatment algorithms.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Doukas, WC; Speer, KP

Published Date

  • July 2001

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 32 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 381 - vii

PubMed ID

  • 11888133

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-1373

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0030-5898

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0030-5898(05)70207-8

Language

  • eng