Anatomy, pathophysiology, and biomechanics of shoulder instability


Journal Article

Instability in the athlete presents a unique challenge to the orthopaedic surgeon. A spectrum of both static and dynamic pathophysiology, as well as gross and microscopic histopathology, contribute to this complex clinical continuum. Biomechanical studies of the shoulder and ligament cutting studies in recent years have generated a more precise understanding of the individual contributions of the various ligaments and capsular regions to shoulder instability. An understanding of the underlying pathology and accurate assessment of degree and direction of the instability by clinical examination and history are essential to developing appropriate treatment algorithms. Copyright © 2000 by W.B. Saunders Company.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Doukas, WC; Speer, KP

Published Date

  • January 1, 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 179 - 187

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1060-1872

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1053/otsm.2000.9801

Citation Source

  • Scopus