The prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans: a meta-analysis.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Literature on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence among Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) veterans report estimates ranging from 1.4% to 60%. A more precise estimate is necessary for projecting healthcare needs and informing public policy. This meta-analysis examined 33 studies published between 2007 and 2013 involving 4,945,897 OEF/OIF veterans, and PTSD prevalence was estimated at 23%. Publication year and percentage of Caucasian participants and formerly active duty participants explained significant variability in prevalence across studies. PTSD remains a concern for a substantial percentage of OEF/OIF veterans. To date, most studies have estimated prevalence among OEF/OIF veterans using VA medical chart review. Thus, results generalize primarily to the prevalence of PTSD in medical records of OEF/OIF veterans who use VA services. Additional research is needed with randomly selected, representative samples administered diagnostic interviews. Significant financial and mental health resources are needed to promote recovery from PTSD.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fulton, JJ; Calhoun, PS; Wagner, HR; Schry, AR; Hair, LP; Feeling, N; Elbogen, E; Beckham, JC

Published Date

  • April 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 31 /

Start / End Page

  • 98 - 107

PubMed ID

  • 25768399

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-7897

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.janxdis.2015.02.003


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands