The twelve tribes in the Diaspora (James 1.1)

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Dale Allison is right to assert that 'the twelve tribes in the Diaspora' invokes Jewish ideas about the Ten Lost Tribes, but wrong to disassociate this thesis from the scholarly consensus that the pseudepigraphal author sees the church as Israel. For James, rather, the restored Israel consists of members of the Two Tribes of Judah and Benjamin (= Jewish Christians) plus members of the Ten Tribes. The latter, rather than being far away in some mythical, inaccessible realm, have been living since the Assyrian invasion in known Diaspora realms, where they lost their Israelite identity until it was reawakened by their recent encounter with the Gospel. Gentiles who respond positively to the Christian message, then, are for James the Ten Lost Tribes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Marcus, J

Published Date

  • September 10, 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 60 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 433 - 447

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0028-6885

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1017/S0028688514000095

Citation Source

  • Scopus